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Basic Islamic Education

Basic Islamic Education

Foundation is “a basis for doing something.” The basis is called the foundation, Arif Rochman argues, the foundation of education is "something that provides the basis or foundation for the implementation of the education system by the community." The principle of Islamic education is "the operational foundation or foothold for the realization of Islamic education."

a. Basics

The basic principles of Islamic education are no more than two, namely the Qur'an and the Sunnah. Muslims as a people who were given by God a holy book of the Koran, which is complete with all the instructions covering all aspects of life and is universal, of course the basis of their education must be based on the Koran.

b. Additional base

The additional basis is the words, actions, attitudes of friends and Ijtihad, Mashlahah Mursalah (Ummah's Wisdom), and Urf (Community Values ​​and Customs). During the caliphate of al-Rashidun, the sources of education in Islam have developed, in addition to the Qur'an and Sunnah, as well as the words, actions and attitudes of the companions.

c. Operational Basis

According to Hasan Langgulung, "the operational principles of Islamic education are of six kinds, namely historical, sociological, economic, political, and administrative, psychological, and philosophical." In Islam the operational basis of everything is religion, because religion becomes the frame for every activity with Islamic nuances, coloring other bases with ubudiyah nuances. Therefore, the six operational basics of education above need to be added to a seventh basis, namely religion.

Establishing the Koran and Hadith as the basis of Islamic education is not only seen as truth based on faith alone. But precisely because the truth contained in these two bases can be accepted by human reason and allowed in history or human experience. As an activity that is engaged in the process of personality development Muslims, then Islamic education requires a principle or basis on which to work.

This basis will provide direction for the implementation of the education that has been programmed. In this context, the basis that becomes the reference for Islamic education should be a source of truth values ​​and strengths that can lead students towards educational attainment. Therefore, the most important basis of Islamic education is the Qur'an and the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad

allah (hadith). In Islamic education, the Sunnah of the Prophet has two functions, namely: Explaining the Islamic education system contained in the Qur'an and explaining things that are not contained in it. Summarizing the educational method from the life of the Prophet with his companions, his treatment of children, and the faith education he had done. In formulating the goals of Islamic education, there are at least a few things that need to be considered, namely:
  • Human goals and tasks on earth. both vertically and horizontally. Human nature demands society and the dynamics of civilization.
  • Dimensions of the ideal life of Islam. The purpose of Islamic education is to develop the nature of students, both spiritually, physically, willingly, and dynamically, so that a complete and supportive person will be formed for the implementation of his function as caliph fi al-ardh. This objective approach has a meaning, that Islamic education efforts are personal development of true Muslims who serve and realize God's "will" in accordance with Islamic law. as well as fill the task of life in this world and make the afterlife as the main goal of education.